The Hacker Quarterly
This is one of the primary publications directed to the hacker underground. Over the years, 2600 has proven itself to be an invaluable source of information on hacking, phreaking, etc.
7 Pillars Partners
This is a site established in 1997 and focused upon 'infrastructural warfare'. The papers available here are full of provocative ideas about infrastructural war and its relationship(s) with the still-emerging notion of 'information warfare'.
Archive of Information Security
Global Technology Research, Inc.
An archive of online information security documents developed to assist professionals in
researching a wide range of topics. It is maintained as time allows and is a work in progress. NOTE: This is the site previously titled Information Security Archive (and previously located at http://www.aracnet.com/~kea/ ).
Home Page / Main entry point
Bibliography of Information Security Documents
A very large compilation of documentation on IW and related issues. Highly recommended!
Battlefield of the Future: 21st Century Warfare Issues
A WWW compendium outlining the major issues facing the military in the coming
decades. IW is one of the main themes of the papers therein. The main entry
point (and Table of Contents) is at:
The C4ISR Cooperative Research Program (CCRP)
CCRP is managed for DoD by the
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications, and
Intelligence (ASD(C3I)). The CCRP focuses upon improving both the state
of the art and the state of the practice of command and control.
As one component of this organization's ramp-up, a WWW page on the topic of 'network centric warfare' is under construction at:
Center for Secure Information Systems
This site, hosted at George Mason University, is primarily focussed on
computer security issues. It includes a number of links to other
security-related sites and resources.
CERT Coordination Center
This the organization that grew from the computer emergency
response team formed by the Defense Advanced Research
Projects Agency (DARPA) in response to needs identified in
the wake of the 'Internet Worm' incident. The CERT charter
is to work with the Internet community to facilitate
responses to computer security events involving Internet
hosts, to take proactive steps to raise the community's
awareness of computer security issues, and to conduct
research targeted at improving the security of existing
The home page for CERT is:
COAST Hotlist: Computer Security, Law & Privacy
This hotlist is co-hosted by the COAST (Computer Operations, Audit, and Security Technology) project and Internet veteran / guru Gene Spafford. A very comprehensive listing of links, well-maintained and updated often.
Highly recommended as a basic navigational landmark!
Computer Crime & Information Warfare Timeline
Open Computing, July 1995 (sidebar).
This is a summary timeline of significant IW / computer security events from 1970 to 1995. Available via WWW at:
Computer Security Resource Clearinghouse
This site, maintained by the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), provides a wide selection of documentation and pointers on subjects relating to computer security, encryption, and related issues.
Covert Action Quarterly (CAQ)
This WWW site contains a lot of materials and pointers relevant to IW and related topics. A pretty good indirect path to interesting things.
This German enterprise provides a nice set of IW / Computer Security materials online.
An ongoing accretion of Web articles on computer / information security issues.
Security and Privacy Related Links
A very good nexus / compendium of links on security / cryptography / privacy issues
Cybercrime, Infowar, and Infosecurity
This is a good collection of pointers to IW-relevant WWW sites and other Internet resources.
A WWW nexus dedicated to legal issues in cyberspace. NOTE: This site is not associated with the similarly-named Cyberlaw Encyclopedia listed elsewhere.
"CyberLaw is an educational service focusing on legal issues concerning
computer technology. CyberLex reports legal developments touching the
computer industry. CyberLaw and CyberLex are distributed monthly
throughout the United States."
The Cyberlaw Encyclopedia
The Computer and Information Technology Law Reference Source
A large nexus on legal matters pertaining to cyberspace -- e.g., privacy, intellectual property, etc. One of the better such collections I've found, and it's well-organized. NOTE: This site is not associated with the similarly-named Cyberlaw.com listed elsewhere.
Cyberwar & High-Tech Spying
A site (operated by Parascope) primarily addressed high-tech spying / intelligence.
Working for unlimited freedom to privacy (via guerrilla encryption tactics and products).
What would at first blush seem to be the home for a full-service criminal computer hacking organization turns out to be a fascinating set of comic and illustrative devices on cyber-criminal activities. You've heard of "hands-on demonstrations"? This place specializes in "hands-off demonstrations" -- i.e., illustrative exercises triggered by your pushing the button which they clearly tell you not to push. So far as I can tell, the demonstrations cause no real damage.
No warranties, express or implied.
A nexus on twisted perspectives (or, perhaps, alternative viewpoints) --
e.g., conspiracy theories, etc. Contains some materials / pointers of peripheral relevance to IW and network-centric operations (or at least some of the more picaresque terrain in the cyber-landscape).
Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
This venerable organization is still one of the best single-source assets for legal / ethical aspects of cyberspace.
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil
liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values.
Emergency Response and Research Institute
This is a large WWW site dedicated to all manner of emergency response operations and issues relevant to them. Some of the materials to be found here are specific to the communications / informational activities supporting emergency response. This site also provides extensive listings of pointers to other emergency / contingency-related resources, many of which are pertinent to IW or the corollary effects of IW.
Home Page / Main entry point
Technical Operations Page: Management, Computers, and the Future
Federation of American Scientists: DoctrineLINK
According to this Web page:
"DoctrineLINK is the most comprehensive online guide to military doctrine
currently available. Doctrinal resources are widely scattered across the
net, and they are brought together here for the first time. This guide
provides pointers to both sites that are primary sources of doctrinal
and related publications and the capstone doctrinal publications of the
Defense Department and Military Services."
A very good starting point / nexus for researching current U.S. military doctrine.
Global Terrorism Web Site
This is a nicely-constructed WWW nexus on the subject of terrorism, containing substantial documentation, news items, and links to related resources. Because more and more "terrorist" organizations are utilizing cyberspace as their soapboxes (and their fields of action), this site will probably become increasingly relevant for IW.
Guide to Information Warfare
University of Tampere (Finland)
This is a general compendium site on WWW.
Be forewarned: The author is extremely fond of graphics, animations, and other download-delaying devices. As this site grows, it is style rather than content that is expanding.....
Hacker's Hall of Fame
Discovery Channel Online
A nice online overview of some of the most widely-reported hackers and their shenanigans.
I-War Research Group
A relatively new and rapidly-growing information warfare WWW site at:
The Web pages are glitzy, and the content-to-glitz ratio is still pretty low, but the site shows signs of great things. The creators / hosts for this site are quite coy about who they are and what they're doing. As the site expands, it appears that the focus is upon information warfare within the scope of economic / business leverage.
Information Warfare and Information Security on the Web
A listing of pointers compiled by the Intelligence Reform Project of the Federation of American Scientists. This particular listing has a topical scope greater than IW per se, but the additional material / topics are exceedingly relevant to contextualizing IW with respect to overall defense policy and planning trends.
Information Warfare and the Zapatistas
This site is noteworthy because it addresses the manner in which the Mexican Zapatista movement conceptualizes and employs 'information warfare' as a component of their campaign(s) in Mexico. The Webspace is somewhat confusing to navigate, but it makes for quite interesting reading. It's good to 'hear from practitioners' for a change.
Be sure to examine their four-part taxonomy of [Dominant/Resistant] / [Offensive/Defensive] / Cyberwar.
The Information Warfare Database
A Georgetown University facility providing a searchable database of Information Warfare (IW)
attacks and computer crimes that have occurred in the past 15 years. The site also includes some essay materials on intrusion / attack categorization and other general issues.
Information Warfare Sites
The initial links on this SAIC page were identified by Maj Mark Meaders, DINFOS/IRM.
Information Warfare Tutorial (US Army War College)
This tutorial is a prototype still under development, representing unclassified materials compiled for / used in the War College's advanced course(s) on IW.
A very large (and quickly growing) nexus of documentation and pointers on IW started by
Winn Schwartau (author of Information Warfare: Chaos on the Information Superhighway). This has to be considered the primary IW site on the WWW -- at least to the extent that you equate information warfare with Schwartau's focus on computer and information security issues.
Good News: This site very actively incorporates articles, essays, and other documents as they become available.
Bad News: New materials incorporated at InfoWar.Com are reformatted and presented as InfoWar.Com components -- meaning that their original locations / identities are often under-documented or missing. This makes InfoWar.Com a good place to browse, but a suboptimal place for serious research. Furthermore, profligate graphical glitz and typically slow server responses can make this site frustratingly slow to access.
Institute for the Advanced Study of Information Warfare (IASIW)
One of the first major WWW sites on the subject of IW. This site has been effectively dormant since summer 1996, and the links found here are readily found elsewhere. It would appear that this site is an artifact of some operation which has been aborted or which has relocated.
Institute for Propaganda Analysis
The WWW interface to an organization dedicated to exploring (and exposing) propaganda.
Intelligence and CounterIntelligence Home Page
[ a.k.a. "KimSoft" / "Kim-Spy" ]
This is the best single WWW nexus providing (counter-)intelligence links that I've found. The site is constantly growing (there are now 3 separate pages of links), and the links are updated on a regular basis. Highly recommended as a navigational landmark for this topical area.
International Computer Security Association
The ICSA site has a number of materials and links to resources on computer and information security.
Internet Privacy Coalition
The mission of the Internet Privacy Coalition is to promote privacy and
security on the Internet through widespread public availability of
strong encryption and the relaxation of export controls on cryptography.
"The complete information warfare resource"
This is a newly-established WWW site ostensibly dealing with IW. To the (very limited) extent that the site has developed so far, it would appear to concentrate on competitive intelligence and information security.
Joint Vision 2010
Joint Vision 2010 is a concrete conceptualization of how the U.S. military can
exploit advanced technologies (especially information technologies) to meet the
prospective challenges of 21st Century warfare. The Joint Vision 2010
documentation does not focus exclusively on IW, but the wide range of IW
activities is well-represented in the discussion. This and other U.S. military
WWW sites illustrate quite concretely how concern over IW (broadly defined) is
affecting near-term and long-range military planning.
Journal of Internet Security
Computer Security Canada, Inc. (CSCI)
An online journal on computer / information security issues
Main entry point:
Media Examples of Security Breaches
lØpht Heavy Industries
A compendium site with lots of technically-savvy materials.
Mario's Cyberstation: Information Warfare
A large nexus of pointers on IW. The 'Mario's Cyberstation' WWW site also has substantial link-nexii on a variety of intelligence (and related) topics.
A network of volunteers working to uncover and illuminate the surreptitious tactical ends to which media are employed.
Cyberwar, Information Warfare and Psychological Operations
A general site on IW and IW-related matters, containing more links than content.
National Military Intelligence Association Home Page
Phrack Magazine Web Page
Phrack is one of the primary publications for the "hacker community." At the main Phrack Web site, you can browse back issues of the magazine. A good source of information on hacking / security news. The site offers a large set of pointers to historical and current hacker documentation (files, 'zines, etc.).
Minneapolis College of Art and Design (MCAD)
Although this site is associated with an art / design college, it provides as much (or more) online materials relating to propaganda as do other sites ostensibly dedicated to propaganda research. An interesting place to browse.
"POLITPROP examines the art of propaganda as a potent force in forming
social consciousness and recognizes propaganda as a powerful, valid
means of artistic expression designed to broadly communicate messages of
POLITPROP provides vital information for the research, detection and
development of propaganda."
Propaganda & Psychological Warfare Resource Page
A modest WWW site addressing (among other things) the application of propaganda and psyops.
Main Entry Point / Home Page:
Propaganda in Theory and Practice: How Does It Work?
The most substantive component of this site.
A WWW site dedicated to psychological operations. Includes substantial materials (focused on US examples) and links to related materials.
The Psywar Society Home Page
This site serves "...an international association of collectors of
aerial propaganda leaflets and psychological warfare historians." Even
though much of the material is focused on aerial leaflets, there are
materials (and pointers to materials) on other / broader aspects of
psychological operations / warfare as well.
Fairfax VA: Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA).
SIGNAL is a good monthly source for information and news on
military applications of electronics, communications, and computing technology.
The journal's home page (which includes archived articles) can be accessed via
A relatively new and growing WWW site addressing how technological innovations and warmaking are intertwined. Much of the material is relevant to IW specifically.
Terrorism Research Center
This is another major WWW nexus on the subject of terrorism. It contains substantial content (including links) relating to IW issues.
Home Page / Main Entry Point
Information Warfare Research Center
[ Subpage dedicated specifically to IW ]
This page provides links to resources identified by or relating to the Virtual Diplomacy Project. This is one of the few WWW sites dedicated to the diplomatic aspects of how IT will affect international relations. This site is maintained by the United States Institute for Peace.
Virtual World of Spies and Intelligence (Information Warfare)
This is a large compendium site on intelligence issues which provides one of the better topical
nexii on spying / intelligence gathering.
NOTE: I could do without the cutesy music....
WWW Virtual Library: Competitive Intelligence
This is a good starting place for exploring the application of IW principles to
the commercial and business world.
Collections (of past articles)
The WIRED magazine WWW site includes a series of 'collections' -- topically categorized sets of articles from the magazine's back issues. Of particular interest in the context of IW are the collections on: