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Observer Web
Dr. Randall Whitaker
Observer Web

The 'Official' Bibliography (circa 1996)

Enola Gaia

Listing Date: 30 June 1996
(as received)


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  This bibliography was posted in June 1996 to the ThinkNet autopoiesis discussion list by Antonio Marcos Pereira, who writes, "Cristina Magro - who works with Nelson Vaz at UFMG - sent it to me a couple of days ago. it is 'official' because it was compiled by people at Maturana's lab in the University of Chile."

Thanks, Antonio!

  • I have converted this bibliography to HTML format for inclusion in the Observer Web because it covers non-English-language and non-autopoiesis literature unlisted in the main Bibliography.

  • As such, this bibliography is a superset of Maturana's publications listed in the main Bibliography.

  • Because I am providing this material 'as is', I cannot vouch for the comprehensivity or the accuracy of any citations not appearing in the main Bibliography.

  • Please bear in mind that this listing was done circa 1996.


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Maturana, H. R. Cell territories in the cerebral cortex of the rat. University College, London. Proc. of the Anat. Soc. of Great Britain and Ireland. J. of Anat. 89: 572, 1955.

Maturana, H. R. Efferent fibres in the optic nerve of the toad (Bufo bufo) . University College, London. J. of Anatomy 92, Part I. 1958.

Maturana, H. R. The fine structure of the optic nerve and tectum of Anurans. An electron microscope study. Ph. D. Thesis. Cambridge, Harvard University. 1958.

Maturana, H. R. Number of fibres in the optic nerve and the number of ganglion cells in the retina of Anurans. Nature 138: 1406- 1407, 1959.

Maturana, H. R. , Lettvin, J. T., McCulloch, W. S., Pitts, W. H. Evidence that cut optic nerves fibres in a frog regenerate to their proper places in the tectum. Science 130: 1709. 1959.

Lettvin, J. T., Maturana, H. R., McCulloch, W. S., Pitts, W. H. What the frog's eyes tells the frog's brain? Proc. of the I. R. E. 47 (11): 1940- 1951, 1959.

Maturana, H. R., Lettvin, J. T., McCulloch, W. S., Pitts, W. H. Anatomy and physiology of vision in the frog (Rana pipiens). J. Gen. Physiol. 43: 129-175, 1960.

Maturana, H. R. The fine anatomy of the optic nerve of Anurans: An electron microscope study. J. Biophys. Biochem. Citol. 7: 107-120, 1960.

Lettvin, J. T., Maturana, H. R., McCulloch, W. S., Pitts, W. H. Two remarks on the visual system of the frog. Sensory Communication. Ed. W. A. Rosemblith. pp. 757-776, 1961.

Maturana, H. R. A study of the genus Basilliscus. Bull. Museum Comparative Zool. 128 (1): 1-33, 1962.

Maturana, H. R. Functional organization of the pigeon retina. In: Information Processing in the Nervous System: Proc. Int. Union of Physiol. Sciences. XXII International Congress Leiden. Vol. III: pp 170-178, 1962.

Maturana, H. R. and Sperling, S. Unidirectional response to angular acceleration recorded from the middle cristal nerve in the statocyst of Octopus vulgaris. Nature 197-816, 1963.

Maturana, H. R. and Frenk, S. Unidirectional movement and horizontal edge detectors in pigeon retina. Science 142: 977-979, 1963.

Maturana, H. R. Especificidad versus ambiguedad en la retina de los vertebrados. Biologica, 31. 1964.

Boycot, B. B., Lettvin, J. T., Maturana, H. R. and Wall, P. D. Octopus optics responses. Exp. Neurol. 12: 247-256, 1965.

Maturana, H. R., Frenk, S. Sinaptic connection of the centrifugal fibre in pigeon retina. Science 150: 359-361, 1965.

Maturana, H. R., Uribe, G., Frenk, S. A biological theory of relativistic colour coding in the primate retina. Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 1: 1-30, 1968.

Varela, F., Maturana, H. R. Times courses of excitation and inhibition in retinal ganglion cells. Exper. Neurology 26: 53-59, 1970.

Maturana, H. R. Biology of cognition. BCL Report 9.0. Biological Computer Laboratory. Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois. 1970.

Bloch, S., Maturana, H. R. Oil droplets distribution and colour discrimination in the pigeon retina. Nature, New Biol. 239: 284-295. 1971.

Maturana, H. R., Varela, F., Frenk, S. Size constancy and the problem of perceptual spaces. Cognition 1: 97-104, 1972.

Varela, F., Maturana, H. R. Mechanism and biological explanation. Philosophy of Science 39: 378-382, 1973.

Varela, F., Maturana, H. R., Uribe, R. B. Autopoiesis: The organization of living system, its characterization and a model. Biosystems 5: 187-196, 1974.

Maturana, H. R. The Organization of the living: A theory of the living organization. The Int. J. of Man-Machine Studies 7: 313-332, 1975.

Maturana, H. R., Varela, F. Autopoietic Systems. B. C. L. Report 9.4; 107 pp. Biological Computer Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois. 1975.

Maturana, H. R. The wholeness of the unity: Conversations with Heinz von Foerster. Cybernetics Forum 9: 20-26, 1979.

Maturana, H. R., Guiloff, G. The quest for the intelligence of intelligence. J. Social Biol. Struct. 3: 135-148, 1980.

Maturana, H. R. and F. J. Varela. Size constancy and accommodation. Perception 10: 707-709, 1981.

Maturana, H. R., F. J. Varela. Color-opponent responses in the avian geniculate: A study in the quail. Brain Res. 247: 227-241, 1982.

Maturana, H. R. L'illusione della percezione overo la ciusura operativa del sistema nervoso. La Nuova Critica, XVI Serie, Quaderno 64, 1982/IV.

Maturana, H. R. Reflexiones: Deriva Ontogenica o Aprendizaje. Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 15: 261-271, 1982.

Maturana, H. R. Fenomenologia del Conocer. Revista de Tecnologia Educativa. Departamento de Asuntos Educativos O. E. A. num. 3/4, Vol. 8, p. 228-252, 1983.

Varela, F. J., J. C. Letelier, Maturana, H. R. The Neurophysiology of avian color vision. Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 16: 303, 1983.

Maturana, H. R. What is it to see? Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 16: 255-269, 1983.

Maturana, H. R. On the misuse of the notion of information in biology. Comments on All Things are Full of Gods. J. Social and Biol. Struct., 6: 155-158, 1983.

Budnick, V., Mpodozis, J., Varela, F., y Maturana, H. Regional specialization of quail retina. Neurosciences Letters 51: 145-150 (1984)

Maturana, H. R. Biologie der Sozialitat. Delfin V , pp 6-14, 1985. (Also in Spanish)

Maturana, H. R. Reflexionen uber libe. Z. system. Ther. 3(3): 129-131, 1985. (Also in English and Portuguese)

Maturana, H. R. The mind is not the head. J. Social and Biol. Struc., 8(4): 308-310, 1985.

Mendez, P. L., Maturana, H. R. El pecado original: la enfermedad mental como transtorno epistemologico. Rev. Chil. Psicologia. 8(2): 3-4, 1987.

Guiloff, G. S., Maturana, H. R., F. J. Varela. Cytoarchitecture of avian ventral lateral geniculate nucleus. J. Comp. Neurol. 264: 509-526. 1987.

Maturana, H. R., J. Mpodozis. Percepcion: Configuracion conductual del objeto. Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 20: 319-328, 1987.

Maturana, H. R., J. Luzoro. Dialogo con Humberto Maturana Romesin sobre Psicologia. Rev. Chilena de Psicologia. IX(1). p.77-86, 1987.

Maturana, H. R. Amore e autopoiesis. MicroMega le ragioni della sinistra 1, Roma, Italia. 1987.

Maturana, H. R Grundkonzepte der Theorie autopietischer Systeme. Neun Fragen an N. Luhmann und H. Maturana und ihre Antworten, Zeitschrift fu systemische Therapie 5. Germany. 1987

Maldonado, P.E., Maturana, H. R., F.J. Varela. Frontal and lateral visual systems in birds. Brain Behav. Evol. 32: 57-62, 1988.

Maturana, H. R. Reality: The search for objectivity or the quest for a compelling argument. Irish J. of Psychology (issue on Constructivism) 9(1): 25-82, 1988. (See also as a Book Chapter)

Maturana, H. R. Ontologia del Conversar. Revista de Terapia Psicologica, ano VII N. 10, pp.15-23, 1988.

Mendez, C.L., F. Coddou, Maturana, H. R. Bringing forth pathology. Irish J. of Psychology (issue on Constructivism). 9 (1): 144-172, 1988.

Verden-Zoller, G., Maturana, H. R. Play the neglected path. Delfin XIII, pp. 23-52. 1989. (In German)

Maturana, H. R. Lenguaje y Realidad: El Origen de lo Humano. Arch. Biol.Med. Exp. 22: 77-81. 1989.

Maturana, H. R. Cuando se es humano? Reflexiones sobre el articulo de C.R. Austin Arch. Biol. Med. Exp. 23. Chile. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Donde esta la mente? Revista Terapia Psicologica 12, pp. 15-23. 1989.

Maturana, H. R. Response to Berman's critique of the Tree of Knowledge. J. of Humanistic Psychology 31: 88-97. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Neurociencia y Cognicion: Biologia de lo Psiquico. En: Actas Primer Simposio sobre Cognicion, Lenguaje y Cultura: Dialogo transdisciplinario en Ciencias Cognitivas. Aura Bocaz (ed.). Vicerrectoria Academica y Estudiantil, Universidad de Chile. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Response to Jim Birch. J. of Family Therapy 13: 375-393. 1991.




Maturana, H. R. Neurophysiology of Cognition. In: Cognition: A Multiple View. Paul Garvin (ed.) Spartan Books, New York, 1969.

Maturana, H. R. Cognitive Strategies. In: Unity and Diversity of Man. E. Morin and Maximo Pistelli-Palmarini (eds.). Le Seuil, Paris. 1974.

Maturana, H. R. The Origin of Language: A biological problem. In: Problemes actuels en psycholinguistique. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris. 1974.

Maturana, H. R. Biology of Language: The epistemology of reality. In: Psychology and Biology of Language and Thought. G. Miller & E. Lenneberg (Eds.) Academic Press, 1978.

Maturana, H. R. Cognition. In: Wahrnehmung und Kommunikation. P. Hejl; W. Koch and G. Roth (eds.). Peter Lang, Frankfurt. 1978.

Maturana, H. R. Autopoiesis: Reproduction, Heredity and Evolution. In: Autopoiesis, dissipative structures and spontaneous social order, pp. 48-80. Milan Zeleny (ed.) Westview Press, Boulder. 1981.

Maturana, H. R. Autopoiesis. In: Autopoiesis: A theory of the living organization. M. Zeleny. (ed.) Westview press, Boulder. 1981.

Maturana, H. R. Man and Society. In: Autopoiesis, Communication and Society. F. Bensler. P. M. Hejl & W. K. Koch. (eds.) Campus Verlag, Frankfurt and N.Y., 1981.

Varela, F.J., Maturana, H. R. Living ways of sense making: a middle path for neuroscience. In: Disorder and Order. Rene Girard (ed.) Stanford University Press. 1982.

Maturana, H.R. Fenomenologia del conocer, del Universo al Multiverso. In:: La Psicologia en busca del paradigma. E. Contreras, Santiago. 1985.

Maturana, H. R. Individuo y Sociedad entre la guerra y la paz. La opinion de un cientifico. In: Politica Mundial hacia el siglo XXI. Ed. Universitaria. 1987.

Maturana, H. R. Representation and communication functions. In: Enciclopedia Pleaide. Vol. Psicologia. J. Piaget, P. Mounoud, J. P. Bronckart. (eds.) Gallimard, Paris. 1987.

Maturana, H. R. Everything is said by an Observer. In: Gaia, a way of Knowing. Political implications of the New Biology. I. Thompson (ed). Lindsfarne Press. New York, 1987.

Maturana, H. R. Preface to The Chalice and the Blade, Riane Eisler. Harper and Row, New York.1987 (Also in Spanish)

Maturana, H. R. Kognition, In: Diskurs des Radikalen Konstruktivismus. S.J Schmidt. (ed.) Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt. 1988.

Maturana, H. R. Elemente einer Ontologie des Beobachtens. In:: Materialitit der Kommunikation. Editores Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht & K. Ludwig Pfeiffer. Ed. Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt, 1988.

Maturana, H. R. Wissenschaft und Altagesleben: die Ontologie der wissenschafttichen Erklarung. In: Selbtorganisation Aspekte einer wissenschafttichen Revolution. Wolfang Krohn y Gunther Kuppers. (eds.). Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, Wiesbaden. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Science and Daily Life: The Ontology of Scientific Explanations . In: Selforganization: portrait of a Scientific Revolution. W. Krohn, G. Kuppers. (eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Ontology of observing. The biological foundations of self consciousness and the physical domain of existence. In: Beobacheter: Konvergeng der Er kenntnistheorien? Niklas Luhmann (ed.) Wilhem Fink Verlag, Munchen. 1990.

Maturana, H. R. Reality: The Search for objectivity, or the quest for a compelling argument. pp. 282-374. In: Die Gedankenwelt Sir Karl Poppers. Kritischer Rationalismus in Dialog. Norbert Leser, Josef Serfert & Klaus Plitzner. (eds.) Carl Winter Universitats Verlag. Heidelberg. 1991. (See also as an isolated paper)

Maturana, H. R. Scientific and Philosophical theories. pp. 282-374. In: Die Gedankenwelt Sir Karl Poppers. Kritischer Rationalismus in Dialog. Norbert Leser, Josef Serfert & Klaus Plitzner. (eds.) Carl Winter Universitats Verlag. Heidelberg. 1991.

Maturana, H. R. The Origin of the Theory of Autopoietic Systems. In: Autopoiesis. Eine Theorie im Brennpunkt der Kritik. H. R. Fischer. (ed.). Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt. 1991.

Maturana, H. R. Cognition and Autopoiesis: a brief reflection on the consequences of their understanding. In: The State Law, and Economy as Autopoietic Systems. Gunter Teubner y Alberto Febbrajo (eds.). Giuffre Editore, Milano, 1992.

Maturana, H. R. Biologia of the Aesthetic Experience. In: Zuchen (theorie) und praxis. Wissenschaftsverlag Rothe, Passau. 1993.




Maturana, H.R., F.J. Varela, . De Maquinas y Seres Vivos. Una caracterizacion de la organizacion biologica. Editorial Universitaria. Santiago. 1973.

Maturana, H.R., F.J. Varela. Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Sciences. Vol. 42, D. Riedel Publishing Co., Boston, Dordrecht. 1980. (This book includes what was published as the above, in its English version)

Maturana, H.R., Erkennen: Die Organisation und ver Koperung von Wiklichkeit. Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Braunschweig. Wiesbaden, 1982.

Maturana, H.R., F.J. Varela. El Arbol del Conocimiento: Las Bases Biologicas del Conocer Humano. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago, 1a. Edicion, 1984; 10a. Edicion, 1994. Appeared in the following Foreign Editions:

  1. Der Baum der Erkenntnist. Scherz Verlag, Berna, Munchen, Vienna. 1987.
  2. Kundskabens Trae. Ed. Ask, Aarhus (Denmark). 1987.
  3. L`Albero Della Conoscenza, Garzanti Editore, Milano. 1987.
  4. The Tree of Knowledge. Shambhala New Science Library, Boston and London. 1988.
  5. El Arbol del Conocimiento Ed. Debate. Madrid. 1990

Maturana, H.R. Biologia de la Cognicion y Epistemiologia. Ed. Universidad de la Frontera. Temuco, Chile. 1990.

Maturana, H.R. Emociones y Lenguaje en Educacion y Politica. Ed. Hachette, Santiago, 1990. Ed. Dolmen, Santiago, 1.ed. 1990; 2.ed., 1990.

Maturana, H.R., K. Ludewig. Conversaciones con Humberto Maturana: Preguntas del Psicoterapeuta al Biologo. Ed. Universidad de la Frontera. Temuco, Chile. 1992.

Maturana, H.R. El Sentido de lo Humano. Editorial Dolmen, Santiago, 1a Edicion, 1991; 2a. Edicion, 1992. Editorial Hachette, Santiago. 1992.

Maturana, H.R., J. Mpodozis. Origen de las Especies por Medio de la Deriva Natural. Publicacion Ocasional N. 46. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural. Santiago, Chile.1992.

Maturana, H.R., Verden-Zoller, G. Liebe und Spiel, die Vergessene Grundladge des Menschlichkeit. Carl Auer Verlag, Hamburgo. 1993. Appeared also in Spanish:

Maturana, H.R., Verden-Zoller, G. Amor y Juego: Fundamentos Olvidados de lo Humano. Coleccion Experiencia Humana. Ed. Instituto de Terapia Cognitiva. 1993.

Maturana, H.R., Desde la Biologia a la Psicologia. Ed. Synthesis. 1993.

Maturana, H.R., La Democracia es una Obra de Arte. Coleccion Mesa Redonda. Ed. Linotipia Bolivar y Cia. de Bogota. 1994.

Maturana, H.R., Kurt Ludewig. Reflexiones y Conversaciones. Coleccion Instituto de la Familia. Ed. FUPALI. Cordova. 1994.

Maturana, H.R. Origen de lo Humano en la Biologia de la intimidad Ed. Instituo de Terapia Cognitiva, Santiago. (In Print. I have a first draft).

Maturana, H.R., Verden-Zoller, G. Amore e Gioco Ed. Marsilio, Venecia. (In Print).




Maturana, H.R. The Biology of Cognition and Language. 13 classes. University of California and American Philosophical Association. Extension Media Center. 1980.

Maturana, H.R. The Maturana Lectures. The Maturana Dialogues. Eastern Virginia Family Therapy Institute. Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA. 06 conferences. 1984.

Maturana, H.R. Workshop de Humberto Maturana R. Instituto de Terapia Familiar de Sao Paulo. 03 conferences.





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